Plans to build nuclear power plants in Bangladesh, Denmark, Egypt, Iran, Ireland, Indonesia, Luxembourg, Norway, Puerto Rico, Turkey.
At the same time, it should be noted that in recent years in almost all countries of the world where nuclear power plants in operation or are supposed to be building, there is an obvious reduction in the projected capacity of nuclear power. The reasons for this are complex, numerous, and some of them do not have a single point of view. However, the main reason for this, the objective economic factors, primarily related to the introduction of more stringent nuclear power plants due to the requirements of environmental protection. Safety and protection of the environment - one of the most urgent problems of modern nuclear power. To meet these requirements, we had to almost double the number of many important parts and materials required for the construction of nuclear power plants. Respectively [increased labor costs and the time required for construction. The increasing complexity of the design and timing of the increase resulted in a sharp increase in investment in the construction of the specific plant. In addition, the increase in prices for uranium fuel.
Currently in the world under construction 236 nuclear power reactors with a total installed capacity of about 220 GW (e).
These data indicate that today nuclear power plays an important role in the global power industry. There is no doubt that in the future, nuclear energy will continue to increase. According to the forecasts contained in the IAEA report for 1981, the total installed capacity of world energy by 2000 could rise to 5,870 GW (e), l share of nuclear power in electricity - up to 18%. Some uncertainties - social, economic and technical - and increasing demand for environmental protection it difficult to assess the rate of growth of total installed capacity of power plants in the world. To account for the uncertainties in the projections are estimated not separate figures for power and their limits. It is planned that by 2000 the plant will be operational as early as 45-50 countries, ie, in the next few years, the number
States to develop nuclear energy, almost double.
At the present stage of development of nuclear power is not only cost-competitive relative to the other types of energy production, but also exceeds them in indicators such as efficiency, reliability, safety and impact on the environment.